A face identification system compares an unknown input probe image to a gallery of labeled face images in order to determine the identity of the probe image. The result of identification is a ranked match list with the most similar gallery face image at the top (rank 1) and the least similar gallery face image at the bottom. In many systems, the top ranked gallery images may look very similar to the probe image as well as to each other and can sometimes result in the misidentification of the probe image. Such similar looking faces pertaining to different identities are referred to as lookalike faces.
We hypothesize that a matcher specifically trained to disambiguate lookalike face images when combined with a regular face matcher will improve overall identification performance. This work proposes reranking the initial ranked match list using a disambiguator especially for lookalike face pairs. This work also evaluates schemes to select gallery images in the initial ranked match list that should be re-ranked. Experiments on the challenging TinyFace dataset show that the proposed approach improves the closed-set identification accuracy of a state-of-the-art face matcher.
T. Swearingen and A. Ross, “Lookalike Disambiguation: Improving Face Identification Performance at Top Ranks,” Proc. of 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2020), (Milan, Italy), January 2021.